"Ere many generations pass, our machinery will be driven by a power obtainable at any point of the universe. This idea is not novel. Men have been led to it long ago by instinct or reason; it has been expressed in many ways, and in many places, in the history of old and new. We find it in the delightful myth of Antheus, who derives power from the earth; we find it among the subtle speculations of one of your splendid mathematicians and in many hints and statements of thinkers of the present time. Throughout space there is energy. Is this energy static or kinetic! If static our hopes are in vain; if kinetic - and this we know it is, for certain - then it is a mere question of time when men will succeed in attaching their machinery to the very wheel-work of nature." -- An address to the Institution of Electrical Engineers, London (February 1892)Also there is the Hopi Prophecy: "After the third tribulation, a new source of energy will be discovered that taps the Earth Magnetic field." Is this the end of the Mayan Calender on or near December 21st, 2012? The end of the fourth Mayan age and the start of the fifth?
From the time of Tesla whose inventions are well known, if not always understood, to Nathan Stubblefield to more modern contemporaries like John Bidini, people have been looking for a source of power and communication that does not involve burning fossil fuels.
If you spend any time surfing the web for new exotic sources of power soon or later you run in to the term "Free Energy". This does not mean that the energy is free, as in free beer, rather that the energy is 'unattached' or available from the ambient background.
Well intentioned people frequently publish what they believe to be a new Over-Unity source of energy. Over-Unity here meaning that the process is over 100% efficient. In almost every case it comes down to the person not understanding their equipment. Search YouTube and you will find examples of projects that are 105% or 110% efficient. Numbers like that are always measurement errors. Any true Over-Unity process will be thousands of times Over-Unity.
The measurement errors come from assuming all meters can measure all waveforms with equal accuracy, which is never the case. Every instrument that we, collectively, have designed has only measured those things that we know now to measure. Things that we do not know how to measure therefore can not possible exist, right? Most meters are designed to measure DC or 50/60 Hz. Measuring complex waveforms gives meaningless results. Measuring voltage on one meter and current on an other meter and multiplying the results to get an indication of power, Pi= E * I, is equally meaningless with complex waveforms. Proper measurements of "Free Energy" devices are done with True-RMS meters, or better yet Calorimeters (which could be a problem for endothermic Free Energy systems, that is they get colder while operating [These unbalanced systems are unhealthy to be around!]).
One of the most common Free Energy systems people start with are those that involve wire, magnets and "Back EMF". People get amazed that they get hundreds to thousands of volts out of a coil of wire when they only started with a 9V 'transistor-radio' battery. They fail to understand a fundamental formula of inductance: vl = L(di/dt). Where L=Inductance, di in current and dt rise/fall time. Play with dt the most and you see that you can easily get voltages of thousands of volts with very short times. This does not correspond to a gain in power. Watts are Watts. Various schemes are tried to recover this 'Back-EMF', which takes us to JPL. NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory document NPO-16268 Recovering Energy From Relays describes the following circuit:
A common problem I see in 'Free Energy' circuits on YouTube and other sites is that someones circuit failed, and went up in smoke. People in the more esoteric realm's blame this on things like "Subtle Energy" overload and other such minutia. Here is the far more realistic explanation:
The very old GE SCR Manual Including Triacs and Other Thyristors goes into all of the gorey details of what is happening inside the part, when the "Magick smoke comes out", as it is unlikely you have the Manual at hand, in a nut shell:
What lets the Magick Smoke out of IGBTS, FETS and SCRs in most cases is turn them on to slowly, causing 'Spot Heating' of the die.
Think of a FET, or SCR, as hundreds of thousands, possibly millions, of very small resistors all in parallel, where each one can be turned on and off individually. The 'resistors' closest to the gate turn on first, and as the gate potential spreads across the die the rest turn on. The ones farthest from the gate turn on last.
With a slow gate turn on, a few of the small resistors nearest the gate are trying to carry all of the load, which they can't do, so they burn up, but the device does not fail quite yet. The next time the device is turned on, which may be only milliseconds away depending on your switching frequency, or days away depending on the application, some more of the resistors further in burn up. When the point is reached that there is simply not enough of the 'resistors' left to carry the load is when the Magick Smoke escapes, and the part dies a catastrophic death.
This is why the parts generally run "for a while" before failing. If it fails as soon as you fire it up the first time, you either had a catastrophic short in the load, possibly shorted caps that take a bit of time to 'wake up' before they hold a charge, generally fixed with 'Soft Start', or the gate drive really sucked big time.
There needs to a be a few *Amps* of current pumped in the gate of the larger parts, in very short periods of time, to get the gate potential to spread across the entire die as fast as possible.
You also want to get the thing turned off as fast as possible.
If you are not familiar with the concept of Magick Smoke, this is where all electronic parts run on Magick Smoke, because once the smoke comes out of the part, it no longer runs...
Have I only painted a bleak pictures of uninformed experimenters? Perhaps. Now what happens if the high speed, high voltage 'Back-EMF' spike causes the Aether to rebound around the operating devices? Can we get a couple of virtual particle Leptons to collide and give up a real electron, and not irradiate ourselves with Gama-Rays (nasty stuff), to our circuit?
For those choking on the word 'Aether', you need to get with the program. This is not the static Aether of long ago, rather a dynamic Aether (the kinetic energy of Tesla) seething with virtual energy, that has gone by over a hundred different names down through the millennium. If your still hung up on all that crap about Relativity then look up Experimental Detection of the Ether by E.W. Silvertooth, in Speculations in Science and Technology, Vol.10, No.1, 1987; page three. See also in that same issue beginning on page nine, On the Silvertooth Experiment summary by H. Aspden. Also see Standing Wave Sensor by E.W. Silvertooth and S.F. Jacobs, Applied Optics Vol. 22, #9/1 May 1983.
According to conventional physics there are four ways to generate electricity:
- Move a magnet in relation to a coil of wire.
- Move a coil of wire in relation to a magnet.
- Change the reluctance between the magnet and the wire. See John Ecklin. I plan on building mine out of Metglas (amorphous metal alloy for low Eddie Currents) with MWS square wire (denser packing of coils) for maximum efficiency.
- Oscillate the magnet above and below its Curie Temperature in relation to a coil of wire; Tesla Patents: US 396,121 Thermo Magnetic Motor and US 428,057 Pyromagneto Electric Generator, build one of your own.
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Halboch Array based Inductrack:
Hopefully soon we will be able to buy powerful off the shelf Halboch Array based motors.
Patrick J. Kelly has put together a 2,400 page eBook. that he keeps updating, that covers the history and current state of 'Free Energy': A Practical Guide to Free-Energy Devices. While there are several historical and technical errors it is still worth a look, to see were energy has been and what is coming in the imagination of many. Before something can manifest in 'reality' it must be a thought of in the imagination...
Something you are sure to come across while looking into 'Free Energy' is Scalar Waves. The basic concept of a Scalar Wave are two signals 180 degrees out-of-phase that sum to zero to create a potential. The difference between a 'Scalar Wave' and the Aharonov-Bohm Effect is one of geometry, that I've still not wrapped my head around completely.
Significance of Electromagnetic Potentials in the Quantum Theory by Y. Aharonov and D. Bohm in The Physical Review, vol. 115, no. 3, Aug. 1959.
Abstract: In this paper, we discuss some interesting properties of the electromagnetic potentials in the quantum domain. We shall show that, contrary to the conclusions of classical mechanics, there exists effects of potentials on charged particles, even in the region where all the fields (and therefore the forces on the particles) vanish. We shall then discuss possible experiments to test these conclusions; and, finally, we shall suggest further possible developments in the interpretation of the potentials.and Quantum Interference and the Aharonov-Bohm Effect Yoseph Imry and Richard A. Webb in Scientific American, vol. 260, no. 4, Apr. 1989.
Abstract: Can electrons be influenced by a nearby magnet so well shielded that its force field cannot be detected? The counter-intuitive answer is yes: an energy emanation from the magnet known as the potential does indeed affect the electrons' wave function. This quantum-mechanical effect is being brought to bear on the development of new microelectronic devices.What are you going to power your next Embedded System with? Conventional stuff or stuff of your imagination that you will bring to reality?
The following introduction is from "Gravitational Reflections in Plain English and Cold Stones" by Pierre Charles of Sacramento, CA. It seems fitting to almost all of the information presented in these pages...
I hesitate to discuss the new physics with most of the population, not that I do not want people to know, but because of the built-in opposition from the population's academic training and the possible misuse of this recently rediscovered source of understanding and power. Following close behind is the possible impact on the economic and control systems over the masses.
We are all slaves to this closed system of things to a degree. For example, we now live in a world of great knowledge and power; unfortunately, it is misdirected, so to live in relative comfort we hold an 8 to 5 job, wear clothes, drive cars, eat food all brought to us by others, and live in a house built by others and usually owned by the bank. Net result: both partners must work away from the home to support it. Meanwhile, the government takes back [more than] 50% to support those who cannot or will not work, and, of course, maintain the existing framework. The children spend most of the day being trained by others to fit into the existing framework, etc., etc.
This bring us to the opposition from academic-trained people, most are copies of copies, 10th generation receivers of what is unquestioningly taught as the eternal truth. Most are so far removed from the original information and thoughts that they do not recognize it and they oppose with great tenacity anyone who dares to defy their implanted ideas. This information will also disturb the traditionally religious people; I don't need to expand on the dangers there...
The New Physics:
To Truly grasp the new physics we must keep two things present in our minds:
1) The New Physics is actually a retrieval of the old or ancient physics,
2) The ancient physics encompassed all things; therefore, you must look at all things, you must remove all academic barriers from your present, considerably large body of knowledge and merge this with the eastern and ancient thoughts. If you find yourself laughing or ridiculing, then you will not find the valuable thread of information that you need...
Little remains of the ancient physics but it can be found nevertheless - for it has been preserved, often by those who had little or no true knowledge of the symbols that they considered sacred..."